SOUTH CAROLINA BY THE NUMBERS
Transportation affects so much of our lives. Livable streets are multimodal, because they are corridors providing access to all, and are family friendly, safe, active, and sustainable.
The Detailed Brief is here, or see the essentials below:
“…about 100 people [are] killed on our roads a day, the equivalent of 14 plane crashes a week…why do we accept the fatalities..?”
– Deborah Hersman, CEO of the National Safety Council
People walking and biking accounted for 16.5% of SC’s traffic fatalities in 2016, and that proportion rose steadily for the last 10 years.
SC had the #1 highest traffic fatality rate in the USA in 2017, and ranked #3 and #5 in pedestrian and bike fatality rates.
94% of SC’s pedestrian and bike fatalities are on state owned roads, while 70% of our roads are state owned.
At 20 mph, the risk of death to a pedestrian struck by a car is 6 percent. At 45 mph, the risk ofdeath is 65 percent—11 times greater than at 20 mph.
Trafﬁc crashes were the #2 leading cause of unintentional injury death in the USA between 2011 and 2014. Traffic crashes are the #1 leading cause of death in SC for children 5-18.
Between 2005 and 2014, a total of 46,149 people were struck and killed by cars in the USA.
Pedestrian injuries have dropped an average of 22% on streets with bike lanes.
The Federal Highway Administration recommends raised medians and pedestrian crossing islands, often at mid-block, because they reduce pedestrian crashes by 50%.
“Where we live, work, and play impacts our health.”
– American Public Health Association
By the end of 2018, approximately $8.6 billion are projected for obesity-related health spending in South Carolina.
The mere existence of sidewalks and bike paths has positive effects on health and physical activity levels
South Carolina ranks 12th for adult obesity and 8th for obesity among high school students in the nation.
Obesity is the 2nd highest disqualifying medical condition to enter the US military.
27% of Americans 17 to 24-years old are too overweight to qualify for military service, especially in 10 states including South Carolina.
Nearly $3 in medical cost savings is realized for every $1 invested in building bike and walking trails.
economic growth and sustainability
“Creative people power is a renewable energy source”
Construction jobs increase by 20% when retrofitting vs. creating new roads. Per $1 million spent, bike lanes – 14.4 jobs, bike boulevards – 11.7 jobs, pedestrian projects – 11.3 jobs, road repairs and upgrades – 7.4 jobs, road resurfacing – 6.8 jobs.
For the price of a single mile of a four-lane urban highway (~$50 million), hundreds of miles of pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure can be built to complete an entire network of active transportation facilities for a mid-sized city.
The Virginia Creeper Trail generates $1.59 million in annual spending, supporting 27 new full-time jobs.
Houses located in areas with above-average levels of walkability are worth up to $34,000 more than similar houses in areas with average walkability levels.
South Carolinians spend 14-21% of income for basic needs on transportation, excluding the cost and depreciation of owning a car.
The average American household spends an entire 3 months’ pay on transportation.
In Traveler’s Rest, the Swamp Rabbit Trail and Main Street revitalization resulted in more than thirty (30) new businesses with a total investment in excess of $8 million.
The entire 2,250-mile East Cost Greenway bike route network could be upgraded for one-ﬁfth the cost of a highway bridge.
“Gentrification is a symptom of the policies and decisions that were made for our corridor.”
Those with low socioeconomic status in the US face a greater threat of injury or death due to collisions with motor vehicles than the general population.
Twenty four percent of the US population living in poverty do not own a vehicle.
A low-income person in the USA is twice as likely to die while walking than a high-income person.
Streets with street and/or sidewalk lighting are significantly more common in high-income areas (75%) than in middle-income (54%) or low-income communities (51%).
Streets with traffic calming features are significantly more common in higher-income areas (8%) than in middle income (4%) or low-income communities (3%).
Streets with sidewalks on one or both sides of the street are significantly more common in high-income areas (89%) than in middle-income (59%) or low-income communities (49%).
While 28% of SC is African American, 45% of our bicycle and pedestrian injuries and fatalities are among African Americans.
The largest growing demographic of people bicycling in the USA are people of color.
Join us in our initiative to bring a multimodal policy to South Carolina, so we can see a healthier, safer, more equitable and economicaly sustainable state. Let's get started.